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中国提高进口要求,越南农产品出口遇到困难

Vietnam's agricultural exports have run into difficulties as China has raised import requirements

放大字体  缩小字体   来源:越通社  浏览次数:123
核心提示:中国提高进口要求,越南农产品出口遇到困难 Vietnam's agricultural exports have run into difficulties as China has raised import requirements
据越通社6月19日报道,越南农业与农业发展部农产品加工与市场开发局的数据显示,在中国政府对出口中国的越南农产品提出严格标准的背景下,越南诸多农产品出口活动遇到困难。
According to the Vietnam News Agency on June 19, data from Vietnam's ministry of agriculture and agricultural development, the bureau of agricultural processing and market development, show that many agricultural export activities in Vietnam have encountered difficulties against the background that the Chinese government sets strict standards for Vietnamese agricultural products exported to China.
具体来看,今年前5个月越南木薯和木薯制品出口量达100万吨,出口量和出口额都同比下降。中国是越南木薯最大出口市场,占出口量的89%。此外,越南西瓜、香蕉、荔枝等农产品的出口额也遇到困难。
Specifically, in the first five months of this year, Vietnamese exports of cassava and cassava products reached 1 million tons, both of which fell year-on-year. China is Vietnam's biggest export market for cassava, accounting for 89% of its exports. Exports of Vietnamese agricultural products such as watermelons, bananas and lychees are also suffering.
据报道,从今年5月初开始,中国海关对中国进口的越南农产品实行新规定,以避免之前经常发生的证书、清单造假以及农产品违反卫生安全和质量标准等现象。
According to reports, starting in early May, Chinese customs imposed new regulations on Chinese imports of Vietnamese agricultural products to avoid the frequent occurrence of certificates, false lists and agricultural products violating health and quality standards.
多年来,中国是越南农产品的主要出口市场之一,对中国出口的许多农产品占越南出口总额的40-70%。如蔬果占70%,大米占22%。然而,60-70%越南农产品主要通过边贸方式对中国出口,存在许多风险和缺乏可持续性。
For many years, China has been one of Vietnam's major export markets for agricultural products, accounting for 40-70% of Vietnam's total exports to China. Such as fruits and vegetables 70%, rice 22%. However, 60-70% of Vietnam's agricultural products are mainly exported to China through border trade, with many risks and lack of sustainability.
中国提高进口要求 越南农产品出口遇到困难
越南农民 图自越通社越南农民 图自越通社
据越南人民报今年5月报道,从2018年至今,中国农产品进口政策发生许多变化,如同意越南农产品,特别是水果通过正贸方式出口中国。关于该问题,越南农业与农村发展部农产品加工与市场开发局代局长阮国瓒表示,中国市场已对来自越南水果等农产品提出一系列规定。
Since 2018, many changes have taken place in China's agricultural import policy, such as allowing Vietnam's agricultural products, especially fruits, to be exported to China through trade, the Vietnamese People's Daily reported in May. On the issue, Nguyen Guk Chan, acting director of the agricultural processing and market development bureau of Vietnam's ministry of agriculture and rural development, said that the Chinese market has proposed a series of regulations on agricultural products from Vietnam, such as fruits.
目前,对中国市场出口的越南水果需要满足中方关于食品原料安全、植物检验检疫、向中国海关登记地名和种植区编号等的规定。进口单位需要注明产品来源地,产品需满足关于包装、卫生条件等的要求。
Currently, Vietnamese fruits exported to the Chinese market need to meet China's regulations on the safety of food raw materials, plant inspection and quarantine, registration of place names and planting area Numbers with Chinese customs. The import unit shall indicate the source of the products, and the products shall meet the requirements on packaging and sanitary conditions.
此外,中方还要求自2019年10月1日对中国出口的食品需持有出口国有关机关对出口产品签发的食品安全证书。对于其他农产品和水产品,中国也对其质量进行严格检查。
In addition, China also requires that food exported to China from October 1, 2019, must hold a food safety certificate issued by the relevant authorities of the exporting country. China also strictly checks the quality of other agricultural and aquatic products.
越南工贸部贸易促进局局长武伯富表示,中方对产品提出严格的质量要求将帮助越南企业处理好当前边贸出口现状,从而减少风险,减少对该市场的依赖度和减少被压价和丰收灾等现象。
Wu Bofu, director general of the trade promotion bureau of the ministry of industry and trade, said that China's strict quality requirements on products will help Vietnamese enterprises deal with the current export situation of border trade, so as to reduce risks, reduce dependence on the market and reduce pressure on prices and harvest disasters。
为了帮助企业有效开发中国市场,越南有关部门正同中方有关机关积极展开谈判和补充正贸出口方式。据越南农业与农村部消息,今年第一季度,中国仍是越南农产品第一大出口市场。然而,出口额同比下降12.7%。越南蔬果对中国出口额达6.8亿美元,同比下降6.4%。
In order to help enterprises effectively develop the Chinese market, relevant departments of Vietnam are actively negotiating with relevant Chinese authorities and supplementing the export mode of positive trade.China remained Vietnam's largest export market for agricultural products in the first quarter of this year, according to the ministry of agriculture and villages.However, exports fell 12.7% year on year.Vietnam's exports of fruits and vegetables to China reached us $680 million, down 6.4% year on year.
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